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The second part of the virtualization will show a step by step

OS virtualization, using a light OS


It will underline many little tips, that can be troublesome for beginners


The choosen OS is Windows 98 SE, because installing a heavier OS

may take a somewhat long time. A light OS is a good choice for a first try.







I. installing Windows Virtual Server 2005


launch setup32.exe

from the start menu, go to Microsoft Virtual Server. Two icons are really usefull :

Virtual Server Administration Website

Virtual Machine Remote Control Client


You may want to copy the two links to your Desktop, for quick and easy access.

Virtual Server Administration Website is where you control your Virtual Server 2005 : making settings and administration.

Virtual Machine Remote Control Client is where you open a window to one of your virtual OS, allowing to actually use it.




II. Installing a Windows 98 SE virtual OS


Creating your virtual machine

As a first funny step, we're gonna install a light virtual OS. I did choose Windows 98 SE, but any light OS will do fine ( DOS, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 SE, Windows ME )


1. I like to use separate folders for virtual machines, so I go to :

C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\Shared Virtual Machines

and creat a new folder named W98SE :

C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\Shared Virtual Machines\W98SE


2. Lauch the Virtual Server Administration Website

( tip : sometimes, Virtual Server Administration Website refuses to launch. Using an account with administrator rights seems necessary, using an account with password may sometimes resolve some loging / securit issues )



3. On the leftside menu, choose virtual disk ) Fixed size virtual hard disk


4. Choose your virtual hard disk settings :

location : none



Virtual hard disk file name: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\Shared Virtual Machines\W98SE\HD1.vhd

Size: 5 GB ( your choice here !! )


5. click Creat button


6. now we're gonna install our virtual Windows 98 SE :

on the left side, choose : Virtual Machines ) Create


7. Choose your virtual machine settings :


Virtual machine name

Virtual machine name: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\Shared Virtual Machines\W98SE\W98SE.vmc


Virtual machine memory (in MB): 64


Virtual hard disk :


Use an existing virtual hard disk :

location : none



Virtual hard disk file name: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\Shared Virtual Machines\W98SE\HD1.vhd

Bus: IDE

Virtual network adapter

Connected to: not connected


8. click Create !!


Your virtual machine has been created ! Now we're going to launch it :



Launching your virtual machine


9. Minimize the Virtual Server Administration Website window


10. Lauch the Virtual Machine Remote Control Client


11. Type in the path window :




( a few explainations here :


pc1 is my ( real physical ) computer name. replace this by your computer name


5900 is Windows Virtual Server default port


W98SE is your virtual machine name )


12. click the Connect button !!


Using your virtual machine


A few notes here about using your virtual machine :

You have to click with your mouse on the virtual machine screen to ' enter in it '. If there is a simple dot on the screen and the mouse cursor is not moving, left click on the virtual machine screen !!


There is a special key : it's the Host key. it's used to perform some special task.

by default, the host key is the ALT key at the right of the space bar. Here is what you can do with it :

Host key + ENTER = Toggle full screen

Host key + DELETE = CTRL + ALT + SUPR

Host key ( hold a few seconds ) = to get the mouse cursor out of the virtual machine


There is a menu at the top of the virtual machine window ( when it's not in full screen mode ).

this menu ( Remote Control ) allows you to :

use special keys ( like screen capture )

(re-)connect to server : by default, if you let your virtual machine iddle for too long ( 15 minutes ), it will disconnect

from the server ( althrough still running and well ) : use the ' connect to server ' menu choice to reconnect your virtual machine.


( Tip : some users may want to change the Host key : in this menu, there is a set Host key option. For exemple, I changed the Host key from (Right) ALT to (Right) CTRL, because I need the (Right) ALT key to be usable in DOS mode so that I can type in the ' \ ' character in files paths )


How do you turn off your virtual machine when in ' POST / DOS ' mode ? Go to the

Virtual Server Administration Website


either go to : Virtual Machines ) Configure ) W98SE


: navigation ) Master Status

there is a mini-screen caption of your virtual machine. At the right of it, there is written : W98SE

hover your mouse over the WIN98SE word : a menu will appear. You can there ' Turn Off ' the virtual machine


( to re-launch your virtual machine, go to the ' Launching your Virtual Machine ' step )


some last notes here : while in POST / DOS mode, the CPU keeps running 100% . Be carefull with your CPU over-heating ! ( When your virual machine enters GUI mode ( like windows 98 desktop ), the CPU returns to normal use )


important : toggling between ( Physical ) PC Desktop and Virtual PC Desktop seems to mess with the num-locks status light. This can be very troublesome when trying to type password when logging-on an account when using a virtual machine, because you can't see what you're really typing. If your password is rejected, toggle the key-pad num lock, whatever the num-lock light is indicating.


( Tip : Your virtual machine has a ... virtual BIOS setup screen, for boot order, etc ... Use the escape key to enter it,

at the beginning of the boot process. Important : type the escape key very fast, right from the start of the boot process or

you'll miss the opportunity window. you only have 1 or 2 seconds )


Installing Windows 98 SE virtual machine



well, nothing really difficult here :


just launch your virtual machine, put in the installation CD of Windows 98 SE, reboot the virtual machine, and do a regular installation.


( tip : some users may want to boot from a DOS CD-ROM, do FDISK for partitionning, do FORMAT C: for formatting, do MD WIN98 + COPY D:\WIN98\*.* C:\WIN98 for install files copying, etc ...


tip 2 : no floppy drive is present by default in your WIN98SE virtual machine. Go to the

Virtual Server Administration Website : Virtual Machines ) Configure ) W98SE )

Floppy Drive ) Physical Floppy Drive ) OK )



You may like to save a copy of your new-virtual machine for easy backup / recovery :


just make a copy of the W98SE.vmc and HD1.vhd files to another folder !!


( tip : using a freeware tool like 7zip may be very usefull. Using default compression settings, I made a compressed copy of the whole W98SE folder ( Folder + W98SE.vmc and HD1.vhd inside ) : my 5 GB fresh installed Windows 98 SE Virtual Machine got compressed to a amazingly little 176 MO !! That's very usefull for transport or CD Burning of the Backup of your virtual machine




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